An Overview of Ethnoveterinary Medicine in Nigeria

Aihanuwa E. Uwagie-Ero1*, Ibrahim Shuaibu2, Nezan Oryiman Saviour3
1Department of Surgery, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria.
2Department of Surgery, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Usman Dan Fodio University, Sokoto, Nigeria.
3Department of Public Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria.
Corresponding Author: [email protected]; Tel: +2348033977590
Recieved Date: September 11, 2017; Accepted Date: October 02, 2017; Published Date: 05 October 2017
Citation: Uwagie-Ero EA, Shuaibu I, Saviour NO. An Overview of Ethnoveterinary Medicine in Nigeria. Tropical Journal of Natural Product Research 2017; 1(4):153-157. doi.org/10.26538/tjnpr/v1i4.3 https://doi.org/10.26538/tjnpr/v1i4.3
Copyright: © 2017 Uwagie-Ero et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
ABSTRACT

A myriad of animal diseases are responsible for major losses in livestock production, threatens the epidemiology, control and prevention of zoonosis and pose a major threat to human health and as constraints to the development and enhancement of viable livestock production systems in Nigeria. The impact of these animal diseases is particularly severe in endemic and rural areas. Small-scale livestock farmers with low incomes in Nigeria have thus engaged in a long tradition of the use of herbal remedies to care for their sick and infected animals. These practices have become widespread and generally accepted because of the lack of availability of veterinary services in these rural areas and/or costs of allopathic veterinary drugs. A number of plant species have been identified by traditional herbal practitioners for treating a wide range of animal ailments. This practice also known as ethnoveterinary medicine has gone through an age long and iterative process and has been developed through trial-and-error and deliberate experimentation. However, very little information has been recorded about the plants used as veterinary medicines. Though plants serve as potent medicine for curing various diseases of human as well as animals. It is crucial to without bias learn, evaluate, promote and integrate the beneficial facets of traditional animal healthcare practices into current primary livestock health care delivery services. The specific aim of this review is to document common ethnoveterinary medicinal plants, their preparation and the application methods used traditionally to treat animal diseases.

Keywords: Medicinal plants, Ethnoveterinary medicine, Animal, Health, Diseases, Nigeria
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