Synthesis of Nanoyttria Nanoparticles Using Moringa oleifera Seed as a Biological Factory and the Biocontrol Impact of the Nanoparticles on Houseflies (Musca domestica)

Rasha S. Nuaman, Raghad J. Fayyad, Rasha S. Hameed, Maan A.A. Shafeeq*
Department of Biology, College of Science, Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad, Iraq


Corresponding Author: [email protected]; Tel: 07903612411
Recieved Date: 11 January 2022; Accepted Date: 29 June 2022; Published Date: 03 July
Citation: Nuaman RS, Fayyad RJ, Hameed RS, Shafeeq MAA. Synthesis of Nanoyttria Nanoparticles using Moringa oleifera Seed as a Biological Factory and the Biocontrol Impact of the Nanoparticles on Houseflies (Musca domestica). Trop J Nat Prod Res. 2022; 6(6):879-883 http://www.doi.org/10.26538/tjnpr/v6i6.9
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© 2022 Nuaman et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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ABSTRACT

Chemical pesticides are associated with several challenges, the most serious of which is the emergence of insect resistance and the negative effects of these chemicals on humans. Thus, there is a growing demand for the synthesis of natural insecticides, especially those based on plant materials. The aim of this study was to employ an aqueous Moringa oleifera seed extract to biologically synthesize nanoyttria (Mo-Y2O3NPs) and investigate their insecticidal effects on both larvae and adult houseflies (Musca domestica). Aqueous extract was prepared from Moringa seeds. Mo-Y2O3NPs were synthesized by mixing the seed extract with yttria oxide. UV–Visible Spectroscopy, Atomic Force Microscopy, and X-Ray Diffraction analyses were employed to characterize the biosynthesized Mo-Y2O3NPs. A preliminary phytochemical analysis was conducted on the Moringa seed extract. Also, the insecticidal activity of the Mo-Y2O3NPs was evaluated using both the larvae and adult houseflies. The results indicated that nanoyttria particles were synthesized successfully with a crystalline size of 28 nm and diameters ranging between 70 and 155 nm. The preliminary phytochemical analysis revealed the presence of phenols, tannins, alkaloids, flavonoids, resins, and saponins, which support nanoparticle synthesis and stabilization. The insecticidal activity of the Mo-Y2O3NPs against instar larvae and adult house flies indicated 100, 73.3, 70, and 93.3% mortality for 500 g/mL of the biosynthesized nanoyttria against 1st, 2nd, 3rd larvae, and adult flies, respectively. This finding presents the first study, which included an attempt to control houseflies using nanoyttria synthesized with Moringa seed extract as a safe, quick, and affordable biological factory.

Keywords: Alkaloids, Insecticide, Moringa oleifera, Musca domestica, Nanoparticles.
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ISSN: 2616-0684 (Print)
ISSN: 2616-0692 (Online)
DOI: 10.26538/tjnpr
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