The Correlation Between Smoking Degree and Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Using GERDQ

Debi Triana1, Saminan Saminan2, Masra L. Siregar3,4, Teuku Mamfaluti3,4, Teuku R. I. Putra5, Sarah Firdausa3,4*

1Medical Doctor Student of Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Indonesia
2Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Indonesia
3Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Indonesia
4Department of Internal Medicine, Dr. Zainoel Abidin Hospital, Banda Aceh, Indonesia
5Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Indonesia



Corresponding Author: [email protected]; Tel: +62 811689770
Recieved Date: 22 January 2021; Accepted Date: 19 June 2021; Published Date: 01 July
Citation: Triana D, Saminan S, Siregar ML, Mamfaluti T, Putra TRI, Firdausa S. The Correlation Between Smoking Degree and Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Using GERDQ. Trop J Nat Prod Res. 2021; 5(6):1030-1033 http://www.doi.org/10.26538/tjnpr/v5i6.8
Copyright:
© 2021 Triana et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Visit for more related articles at  Tropical Journal of Natural Product Research





ABSTRACT

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) is a pathological condition caused by the reflux of stomach contents into the esophagus. The main symptoms are heartburn, acid regurgitation, dysphagia, chest pain, and nausea. It can be caused by several factors, one of which is smoking. Smoking may decrease the lower esophageal sphincter tone which causes the contents of the stomach to refluxes into the esophagus. The study was aimed to prove the correlation between the degree of smoking and Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease based on the Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Questionnaire (GERDQ). There were 66 subjects selected by using non-probability sampling and accidental sampling methods. Data analysis was performed using the chi-square test. There were 72.7% of subjects who experienced GERD symptoms based on GERDQ and 27.3% of smokers did not develop GERD symptoms. Analysis on the smoking degree and GERD status show that 93.8% were heavy smokers, 83.3% were moderate smokers, and 50% were mild smokers group. The data analysis showed that there was a significant correlation (p < 0.003) between smoking degrees and GERD based on GERDQ. The study concluded that there is a correlation between the degree of smoking and Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease based on GERDQ.

Keywords: Smoking degree, Heartburn, Reflux, Regurgitation, GERDQ.
Back to Articles

ISSN: 2616-0684 (Print)
ISSN: 2616-0692 (Online)
DOI: 10.26538/tjnpr
Index Copernicus Value (ICV) for 2017: 59.83
Scopus citescore 0.3 (2020)

Indexing & Abstracting

citescore 0.3 (2020)

j-gate logo

International Innovative Journal Impact Factor

African Index Medicus

CAS

Index Copernicus International

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License

Crossref Content Registration logo

WorldCat Discovery Service

Geneva Foundation for Medical Education and Research