Pharmacognostic Identification of Balanophora J.R. Forst & G. Forst (Balanophoraceae) Endemic in Ha Giang, Viet Nam

Nguyen T. Tung1*, Nguyen V. Than1, Nguyen Q. Hung2
1Department of Pharmacognosy, Ha Noi University of Pharmacy 2Institute of Ecology and Biological Resources, VietNam Academy of Science and Technology
Corresponding Author: [email protected]; Tel: +84 975002607
Recieved Date: October 30, 2017; Accepted Date: November 30, 2017; Published Date: 05 December 2017
Citation: Tung NT, Than NV, Hung NQ. Pharmacognostic Identification of Balanophora J.R. Forst & G. Forst (Balanophoraceae) Endemic in Ha Giang, Viet Nam.Trop J Nat Prod Res. 2017; 1(5):236-240. https://doi.org//10.26538/tjnpr/v1i6.2
Copyright: © 2017 Tung et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
ABSTRACT

Balanophora is a small genus belonging to the family Balanophoraceae. The study was aimed at identification of species of genus Balanophora in Ha Giang province, Viet Nam. Three species of the genus Balanophora including Balanophora laxiflora, Balanophora fungosa ssp. indica var. globosa and Balanophora fungosa ssp. indica var. indica were found in Quan Ba district, Ha Giang province, Viet Nam. Morphological features of the three species were described, illustrated and compared to each other. Balanophora fungosa ssp. indica var. indica was characterized by pink scapes, ellipsoid inflorescences; Balanophora fungosa ssp. indica var. globosa was characterized by surface coarsely tessellated, stellate warts were not distinct, yellow scapes, hoodlike leaves while Balanophora laxiflora was characterized by cylindric male inflorescences, apex acuminate, subsessile male flowers, anthers broken up into many locelli. The results served as database to identify the species of genus Balanophora in Ha Giang prov., Viet Nam.

Keywords: Balanophora, morphological features, Balanophora laxiflora, Balanophora fungosa
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