A Review of the Phytochemistry and Pharmacology of Eleusine coracana Linn (Poaceae): A Popular Nigerian Edible Grain

Irene O. Oseghale1, Vincent O. Imieje1, Osayemwenre Erharuyi1*, Chidimma Iheanacho2, Abiodun Falodun1
1Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria. 2Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Physical Sciences, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria.
Corresponding Author: [email protected]; Tel: +234 80 62355972
Recieved Date: October 18, 2017; Accepted Date: November 30, 2017; Published Date: 05 December 2017
Citation: Oseghale IO, Imieje VO, Erharuyi O, Iheanacho C, A Review of the Phytochemistry and Pharmacology of Eleusine coracana (Linn) Poaceae: A Popular Nigerian Edible Grain. Trop J Nat Prod Res. 2017; 1(6):227-235. https://doi.org//10.26538/tjnpr/v1i6.1
Copyright: © 2017 Oseghale et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
ABSTRACT

Since ancient times, plants have been used in the management of various disease conditions worldwide. They are known to be rich in secondary metabolites which are responsible for the therapeutic effects they exhibit. Scientists worldwide have long discovered the possibility of discovering newer, effective and affordable drugs with minimal side effects from plants and have already started isolating promising compounds (from plants) some of which are now being investigated for the management of various diseases. Eleusine coracanna is an annual plant which belongs to the poaceae family. It contains different secondary metabolites with a wide range of uses and promise in the management of several disease conditions. This review is aimed at highlighting the various ethnomedicinal and pharmacological uses of the plant collated over the years using extensive literature search with a view to exploring the possibility of harnessing the potential of the plant and investigating if it could be a source of novel compounds in the management of various disease conditions.

Keywords: Medicinal plants, Eleusine coracana, Phytochemistry, Pharmacological activity
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