Edible Mushrooms: As Functional Foods and Nutriceuticals

John A. Okhuoya
African Centre for Mushroom Research and Technology Innovations, University of Benin, P.M.B 1154, Benin City, Nigeria.
Corresponding Author: [email protected]; Tel: +234 80 23322121
Recieved Date: September 18, 2017; Accepted Date: November 03, 2017; Published Date: 05 November 2017
Citation: Okhuoya JA. Edible Mushrooms: As Functional Foods and Nutriceuticals. Tropical Journal of Natural Product Research 2017; 1(5):186-187. doi.org/10.26538/tjnpr/v1i5.1 https://doi.org//10.26538/tjnpr/v1i5.1
Copyright: © 2017 Okhuoya JA. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Mushrooms are macro-fungi that grow naturally on soil, agro wastes, on and around trees and are easily picked by hand. They occur in various sizes and shapes and may be edible or poisonous. Majority of mushrooms are ectomycorrhizal fungi supporting the growth and development of many trees in natural forests. They accordingly contribute substantially to nutrient cycling and ecosystem sustainability. Mushrooms have historically been used by man for food and health benefits. Nutritionally, mushrooms are rich in protein, minerals like calcium, iron, magnesium, potassium, vitamins and have low fat and zero cholesterol. Mushrooms are picked from the wild by local inhabitants and used to prepare soups and stew. This method of sourcing for mushrooms is however fraught with the danger of eating a poisonous mushroom. Poisoning resulting from mushroom consumption necessitates the need for proper identification of mushrooms before consumption. There are many known edible mushrooms which can be eaten, so it is advisable to properly identify a mushroom before consumption; better still, it is advisable to consume the mushrooms that are well known and documented to be edible.

Keywords: Mushrooms, Foods, Nutriceuticals, Nutrients
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ISSN: 2616-0684 (Print)
ISSN: 2616-0692 (Online)
DOI: 10.26538/tjnpr

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