Control of Olive Tuberculosis Trees with Olive Mill Wastewater: Inhibition of Pseudomonas savastanoi Adhesion

Authors

  • Soukaina Mitro Laboratory of Industrial and Surface Engineering, Bioprocesses and Biointerfaces Team, Faculty of Science and Techniques, Sultan Moulay Slimane University, PO BOX 523 Beni Mellal, Morocco.
  • Taoufik Hakim Laboratory of Industrial and Surface Engineering, Bioprocesses and Biointerfaces Team, Faculty of Science and Techniques, Sultan Moulay Slimane University, PO BOX 523 Beni Mellal, Morocco.
  • Oumaima Ameslek Laboratory of Remote Sensing and Geographic Information Systems Applied to Geosciences and Environment, Faculty of Science and Techniques, Sultan Moulay Slimane University, PO BOX 523 Beni Mellal, Morocco.
  • Chorouk Zanane Laboratory of Industrial and Surface Engineering, Bioprocesses and Biointerfaces Team, Faculty of Science and Techniques, Sultan Moulay Slimane University, PO BOX 523 Beni Mellal, Morocco
  • Doha Mazigh Laboratory of Industrial and Surface Engineering, Bioprocesses and Biointerfaces Team, Faculty of Science and Techniques, Sultan Moulay Slimane University, PO BOX 523 Beni Mellal, Morocco.
  • Mourad Elgoulli Laboratory of Industrial and Surface Engineering, Bioprocesses and Biointerfaces Team, Faculty of Science and Techniques, Sultan Moulay Slimane University, PO BOX 523 Beni Mellal, Morocco.
  • Mostafa El Louali Laboratory of Industrial and Surface Engineering, Bioprocesses and Biointerfaces Team, Faculty of Science and Techniques, Sultan Moulay Slimane University, PO BOX 523 Beni Mellal, Morocco
  • Hassan Latrache Laboratory of Industrial and Surface Engineering, Bioprocesses and Biointerfaces Team, Faculty of Science and Techniques, Sultan Moulay Slimane University, PO BOX 523 Beni Mellal, Morocco.
  • Hafida Zahir Laboratory of Industrial and Surface Engineering, Bioprocesses and Biointerfaces Team, Faculty of Science and Techniques, Sultan Moulay Slimane University, PO BOX 523 Beni Mellal, Morocco

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.26538/tjnpr/v8i6.32

Keywords:

physicochemical characteristics, Initial adhesion, Olive mill wastewater (OMWW), Biocontrol agent, Olive tuberculosis, Pseudomonas savastanoi

Abstract

This innovative study focused on the threat posed by Pseudomonas savastanoi, the causal agent of olive tuberculosis. This pathogen induces the formation of tumors on the bark and leaves of olive trees, adversely affecting the health of the tree and olive oil production. The objective was to assess the effectiveness of a coating based on olive mill wastewater (OMWW) as a biocontrol agent. Specifically, the study examined its influence on the initial adhesion of P. savastanoi on various olive tree surfaces, including bark and the upper and lower leaf surfaces. The physicochemical characteristics of these surfaces were analyzed by evaluating the contact angle between the bacterial strain and the supports, both before and after treatment with OMWW. The results revealed significant variations in initial bacterial adhesion before treatment, with the lower leaf surface (LSL) showing higher adhesion capacity. However, after treatment with OMWW, initial adhesion decreased by up to 95 %, demonstrating the effectiveness of the coating. Furthermore, OMWW treatment influenced the physicochemical characteristics of all supports, particularly the electron donor character, which significantly reduced initial bacterial adhesion. This underscores the crucial role that surface physicochemical properties play in bacterial interactions, both before and after treatment. These findings provide promising insights for the development of sustainable biocontrol methods aimed at mitigating the impact of olive tuberculosis on the olive oil industry.

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Published

2024-06-29

How to Cite

Mitro, S., Hakim, T., Ameslek, O., Zanane, C., Mazigh, D., Elgoulli, M., … Zahir, H. (2024). Control of Olive Tuberculosis Trees with Olive Mill Wastewater: Inhibition of Pseudomonas savastanoi Adhesion. Tropical Journal of Natural Product Research (TJNPR), 8(6), 7535–7541. https://doi.org/10.26538/tjnpr/v8i6.32