Effect of Climate Change on the Phytochemical Constituents, Essential Oil Yield and Chemical Composition of <i>Inula viscosa</i> Leaves

Authors

  • Abdelouahid Laftouhi Laboratory of Electrochemistry, Modeling and Environment Engineering (LIEME), Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Faculty of Sciences Fes, Morocco.
  • Anouar Hmamou Laboratory of Electrochemistry, Modeling and Environment Engineering (LIEME), Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Faculty of Sciences Fes, Morocco.
  • Noureddine Bencheikh Laboratory of Bioresources, Biotechnology, Ethnopharmacology and Health, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, University Mohammed First, 60000 Oujda, Morocco
  • Amal Elrherabi Bioresources, Biotechnology, Ethnopharmacology, and Health Laboratory, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Mohamed First University, Mohammed VI Boulevard, P.O. Box: 717, 60000, Oujda, Morocco
  • Mohamed A. Mahraz Laboratory of Electrochemistry, Modeling and Environment Engineering (LIEME), Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Faculty of Sciences Fes, Morocco.
  • Mohamed Bouhrim Biological Engineering Laboratory, Faculty of Sciences and Techniques, Sultan Moulay Slimane University, Beni Mellal, Morocco
  • Noureddine Eloutassi Laboratory of Electrochemistry, Modeling and Environment Engineering (LIEME), Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Faculty of Sciences Fes, Morocco.
  • Zakia Rais Laboratory of Electrochemistry, Modeling and Environment Engineering (LIEME), Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Faculty of Sciences Fes, Morocco.
  • Abdslam Taleb Environmental Process Engineering Laboratory- Faculty of Science and Technology Mohammedia, - Hassan II the University of Casablanca, Morocco.
  • Mustapha Taleb Laboratory of Electrochemistry, Modeling and Environment Engineering (LIEME), Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Faculty of Sciences Fes, Morocco.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.26538/tjnpr/v8i5.4%20

Keywords:

Inula viscosa, Essential oil, Climate change, Secondary metabolites, Primary metabolites

Abstract

Climate change poses a threat to plant and animal biodiversity. It induces physiological and morphological changes in plants. This study aimed to assess the effect of climate change on the phytochemical constituents, essential oil yield and chemical composition of Inula viscosa leaves. Three samples of I. viscosa from the Taounate region of Morocco were cultivated in a closed chamber for three years under different climatic conditions: sample 1 (I. viscosa cultivated in the first year under normal temperature and precipitation conditions of Taounate region), sample 2 (I. viscosa cultivated in the second year, at 5°C increase in temperature and 50% decrease in precipitation), and sample 3 (I. viscosa cultivated in the third year, at 10°C increase in temperature and 75% decrease in precipitation). Phytochemical and mineral analyses of the three samples were done according to standard procedures. Essential oils were extracted from the leaves of the three samples by hydro-distillation using the Clavenger apparatus. Chemical composition of the essential oils was identified by gas chromatography-mass spectrometric (GC-MS) analysis. Phytochemical screening showed that moderately intensified climatic conditions (sample 2) led to an increase in phytochemical content, mineral composition, and essential oil yield of Inula viscosa leaves. However, at adverse climatic conditions (sample 3), the phytochemical content, mineral composition, and essential oil yield of Inula viscosa leaves decreased significantly. GC-MS analysis revealed that changes in climatic condition affected the content of major compounds in the essential oil of I. viscosa leaves. Therefore, climate change can significantly impact the chemical composition of plants.

Author Biography

Mohamed Bouhrim, Biological Engineering Laboratory, Faculty of Sciences and Techniques, Sultan Moulay Slimane University, Beni Mellal, Morocco

Laboratories TBC, Laboratory of Pharmacology, Pharmacokinetics and Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Lille, 59000 Lille, France

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Published

2024-05-30

How to Cite

Laftouhi, A., Hmamou, A., Bencheikh, N., Elrherabi, A., Mahraz, M. A., Bouhrim, M., … Taleb, M. (2024). Effect of Climate Change on the Phytochemical Constituents, Essential Oil Yield and Chemical Composition of <i>Inula viscosa</i> Leaves. Tropical Journal of Natural Product Research (TJNPR), 8(5), 7073–7081. https://doi.org/10.26538/tjnpr/v8i5.4

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