Chemical Composition and Antibacterial Activity of the Essential Oil from Erinacea anthyllis Link (Fabaceae) http://www.doi.org/10.26538/tjnpr/v7i4.4
Main Article Content
Erinacea species is used in traditional medicine to treat rheumatic diseases. The purpose of this study was to determine for the first time, the chemical composition and antibacterial activity of essential oil from the fresh aerial parts of Erinacia anthyllis belonging to the Fabaceae family. The steam distilled oil was analyzed using gas chromatography techniques (GC-FID and GCMS) using two different stationary phase columns (polar and non polar). Furthermore, antibacterial activity against various gram-positive and negative bacteria was determined by disk diffusion and microdilution. Altogether 44 volatile substances, representing around 98.22% of the essential oil was identified. The major constituentswere phytol (9.26%), tricosane (8.62%). Moreover, essential oil exhibit effect on all bacterial strains. The obtained inhibition zone ranged from 7 mm to 21mm with a highest inhibition zone recorded for Bacillus Sp 21mm).Erinacea anthyllis essential oil has good antimicrobial activity against all tested pathogenic bacteria and may be used as a natural antimicrobial agent in the treatment of many infectious diseases.
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